S 1924 - Phalaikos (Phocian League), silver, drachms (351-346 BCE)
From SILVER
351 BCE - 346 BCE Silver 309 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Head of Apollo, wreathed, to r., the hair rather loosely arranged and falling behind the neck in curls |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | Φ−Ω (Greek).Kithara of seven strings, F and W to either side in small letters, all in laurel wreath tying below |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Phocis (various mints) | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Phocis | Modern countryModern country: Greece | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: | Phaelacus |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 351 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 346 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Classical ^{480-323 BC} |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Silver | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 4.75 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | drachma | StandardStandard.: |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Williams 19721 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: | |||
Coin series web referenceCoin series web references: |
Obverse dies distribution
FrequencyFrequency of specimen in distribution. ^{ᵖ} | Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | % (o) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | % (n) | Die nameName(s) of the die(s). |
1 | 1 | 50 | 1 | 25 | 277 |
3 | 1 | 50 | 3 | 75 | 276 |
Total | 2 of 2 | 100 | 4 of 4 | 100 |
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 2 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | 1 |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 3 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 4 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 2 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 1.33 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 1.5 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | 50 % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 3.25 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 65,000 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | 4 | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00006 |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | 75% | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 2,461.54 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 309 kg <br /> 309 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 6,153.85 |
Remarks
Most likely one single workstation
References
- ^ Williams, Roderick T. (1972), The silver coinage of the Phokians, RNS Spec. Publ. 7, London, ix + 138 p., 16 pl.