S 1906 - Oxus (uncertain mint) (Sophytes), silver, hemidrachms (246-235 BCE)
From SILVER
246 BCE - 235 BCE Silver 8,000 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Male head to right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a laurel wreath on the bowl and a wing on the cheek guard |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | ΣΩΦΥΤΟΥ (Greek).Rooster standing to right, in field to left, kerykeion |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Oxus (uncertain mint) | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Bactria | Modern countryModern country: Afghanistan | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: | Sophytes, Bactrian Kingdom |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 246 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 235 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Hellenistic ^{323-30 BC} |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Silver | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 1.70 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | hemidrachm | StandardStandard.: | Attic |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Jansari 20181 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: | HGC 122 |
Obverse dies distribution
FrequencyFrequency of specimen in distribution. ^{ᵖ} | Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | % (o) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | % (n) | Die nameName(s) of the die(s). |
1 | 4 | 100 | 4 | 100 | 1, 2, 3, 4 |
Total | 4 of 4 | 100 | 4 of 4 | 100 |
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 4 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | 4 |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 3 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 4 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 1 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 1.33 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 0.75 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | 100 % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 235.29 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 4,705,800 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00000 | |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | 0% | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 34 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 8,000 kg <br /> 8,000 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 85 |
Remarks
References
- ^ Jansari, Sushma (2018), "The Sophytes Coins: from the Punjab to Bactria and back again", Numismatic Chronicle, 178, p. 71-98.
- ^ Hoover, Oliver D. (2013), Handbook of coins of Baktria and ancient India : including Sogdiana, Margiana, Areia, and the Indo-Greek, Indo-Skythian, and native Indian states south of the Hindu Kush, fifth century BC to first century, Lancaster-London,