Tyre (Seleucid kings), silver, tetradrachms (152-125 BCE)
From SILVER
152 BCE - 125 BCE Silver 75,109 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Diademed and draped bust of Antiochos VII to right |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ - ANTIOXOY (Greek).Eagle standing left on prow, wings closed and with palm frond behind, to left, club surmounted by city monogram, above club, A/PE, to right, monogram of AΣY above ΞΟΡ (date), between the eagle's legs, monogram |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Tyre | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Phoenicia | Modern countryModern country: Lebanon | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: | Alexander I Balas (Seleucid king, 152-145 BC), Antiochus VII Euergetes (Seleucid king, 138-129 BC), Demetrius II Nicator (Seleucid king, 145-140 and 129-125 BC), Seleucid Dynasty (312-63 BC) |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 152 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 125 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Hellenistic ^{323-30 BC} |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Silver | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 16.80 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | tetradrachm | StandardStandard.: | Attic |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Iossif 20111 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: | SC II2 , HGC 93 | ||
Coin series web referenceCoin series web references: |
Obverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 185 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 646 | |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 3.49 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | % | |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 223.54 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 4,470,800 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | 259.24 | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00014 |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | % | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 5,779.73 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 75,109 kg <br /> 75,109 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 14,449.32 |
Remarks
References
- ^ Iossif, Panagiotis (2011), "Seleucid 'Eagles' from Tyre and Sidon: preliminary results of a die-study", in N. Holmes (ed.), Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009, Glasgow, p. 213-229.
- ^ Houghton, Arthur - Lorber, Catharine C. - Hoover, Oliver D. (2008), Seleucid coins : a comprehensive catalogue. Part 2, Seleucus IV through Antiochus XIII, 2 v., New York - Lancaster - London, (xxx), 120 p. of plates : ill., maps, tables
- ^ Hoover, Oliver D. (2009), Handbook of ancient Syrian coins : royal and civic issues, fourth to first centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage 9, Lancaster, lxix, 332 p.