Thasos, silver, tetradrachms (390-335 BCE) Meadows
From SILVER
390 BCE - 335 BCE Silver 19,911 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Bearded head of Dionysos right, wearing wreath of ivy with berries |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | ΘAΣION to left (Greek).Herakles, wearing lion skin, kneeling right, drawing bow, rose to right, all within linear square in incuse square |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Thasos | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Thrace | Modern countryModern country: Greece | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 390 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 335 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Classical ^{480-323 BC} |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Silver | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 15.10 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | tetradrachm | StandardStandard.: | Thraco-Macedonian |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Ashton et al. 20021 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: | Sear I2 , HGC 63 |
Obverse dies distribution
FrequencyFrequency of specimen in distribution. ^{ᵖ} | Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | % (o) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | % (n) | Die nameName(s) of the die(s). |
1 | 21 | 53.85 | 21 | 28 | 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 16, 18, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 29, 31, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39 |
2 | 10 | 25.64 | 20 | 26.67 | 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 12, 17, 24, 30, 32 |
3 | 4 | 10.26 | 12 | 16 | 19, 21, 28, 33 |
4 | 1 | 2.56 | 4 | 5.33 | 15 |
5 | 1 | 2.56 | 5 | 6.67 | 13 |
6 | 1 | 2.56 | 6 | 8 | 14 |
7 | 1 | 2.56 | 7 | 9.33 | 9 |
Total | 39 of 39 | 99.99 | 75 of 75 | 100 |
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 39 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | 21 |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 54 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 75 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 1.92 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 1.39 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 1.38 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | 53.85 % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 65.93 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 1,318,600 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | 81.25 | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00006 |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | 72% | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 2,275.14 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 19,911 kg <br /> 19,911 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 5,687.85 |
Remarks
Most likely one single workstation
References
- ^ Ashton, Richard - Hardwick, Nicholas - Kinns, Philip - Konuk, Koray - Meadows, Andrew (2002), "The Pixodarus Hoard (CH 9.421)", Coin Hoards, IX, RNS Spec. Publ. 35, London, p. 159-243.
- ^ Sear, David R. (1978), Greek coins and their values. Vol. I, Europe, London, xl, 316 p.
- ^ Hoover, Oliver D. (2010), The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, volume 6 : handbook of coins of the islands: Adriatic, Iionian, Thracian, Aegean, and Carpathian seas (excluding Crete and Cyprus), sixth to first centuries BC, Lancaster, 358 p.