Side, silver (Alexander the Great), drachms (326-316 BCE)
From SILVER
326 BCE - 316 BCE Silver 3,441 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Head of Heracles right, wearing Nemean lion skin headdress. Border of dots. |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | AΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ (Greek).AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left on low throne, holding long scepter in his left hand and eagle standing right with closed wings in his right, below throne, A. |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Side | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Pamphylia | Modern countryModern country: Turkey | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: | Alexander III the Great (Argead king, 336-323 BC), Macedonian kingdom |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 326 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 316 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Classical and Hellenistic |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Silver | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 4.10 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | drachma | StandardStandard.: | Attic |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Thompson 19811 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: | Price 19912 , RQEMH3 | ||
Coin series web referenceCoin series web references: |
Obverse dies distribution
FrequencyFrequency of specimen in distribution. ^{ᵖ} | Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | % (o) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | % (n) | Die nameName(s) of the die(s). |
1 | 10 | 62.5 | 10 | 43.48 | 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15 |
2 | 5 | 31.25 | 10 | 43.48 | 1, 5, 7, 13, 16 |
3 | 1 | 6.25 | 3 | 13.04 | 2 |
Total | 16 of 16 | 100 | 23 of 23 | 100 |
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 16 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | 10 |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 19 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 23 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 1.44 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 1.21 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 1.19 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | 62.5 % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 41.96 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 839,200 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | 52.57 | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00003 |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | 56.52% | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 1,096.28 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 3,441 kg <br /> 3,441 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 2,740.71 |
Remarks
Most likely one single workstation Likely military
References
- ^ Thompson, Margaret (1980), "The Alexandrine Mint of Mylasa", Numismatica e Antichità Classiche, 10, p. 207-217, pl. 1.
- ^ Price, Martin Jessop (1991), The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus: a British Museum Catalogue, 2 vol., Zürich-London, 637 p., 637 p., clix pl.
- ^ Callataÿ, François de (1997), Recueil quantitatif des émissions monétaires hellénistiques, Numismatique Romaine, Wetteren, X + 341 p.