S 1312 - Salamis (Evagoras I), gold, 1/4 staters (411-374 BCE)
From SILVER
411 BCE - 374 BCE Gold 48,237 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | e-u-wa ko-ro (Cypriot syllabary) Head of Herakles three quarter to left, wearing the lion headdress. |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | pa-si-le-wo-se (Cypriot syllabary) Goat lying to right. (In the field, vine leave). |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Salamis | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Cyprus | Modern countryModern country: Turkey | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: | Evagoras I (king of Salamis, 411-374 BC) |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 411 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 374 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Classical ^{480-323 BC} |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Gold | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 2.05 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | 1/4 stater | StandardStandard.: |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Markou 20111 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: |
Obverse dies distribution
FrequencyFrequency of specimen in distribution. ^{ᵖ} | Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | % (o) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | % (n) | Die nameName(s) of the die(s). |
1 | 2 | 100 | 2 | 100 | D1, R1 |
Total | 2 of 2 | 100 | 2 of 2 | 100 |
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 2 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | 2 |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 2 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 2 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 1 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 1 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 1 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | 100 % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 117.65 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 2,353,000 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00000 | |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | 0% | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 34 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 48,237 kg <br /> 48,237 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 85 |
Remarks
References
- ^ Markou, Evangelina (2011), L'or des rois de Chypre. Numismatique et histoire à l'époque classique, Athens, xliv, 379 p.