Amphipolis (Alexander the Great), silver, tetradrachms (Heracles/Zeus) (332-310 BCE)
From SILVER
332 BCE - 310 BCE Silver 370,851 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY (Greek).Zeus eated left, holding eagle and scepter, to left, crescent, below throne, Π. |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Amphipolis | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Macedon | Modern countryModern country: Greece | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: | Alexander III the Great (Argead king, 336-323 BC) |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 332 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 310 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Classical and Hellenistic |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Silver | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 17.25 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | tetradrachm | StandardStandard.: | Attic |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Troxell 19971 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: | Price 19912 | ||
Coin series web referenceCoin series web references: |
Obverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 879 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | 250 |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 1400 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 2949 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 3.35 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 2.11 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 1.59 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | 28.44 % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 1074.93 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 21,498,600 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | 1252.26 | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00014 |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | 91.52% | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 5,486.87 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 370,851 kg <br /> 370,851 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 13,717.17 |
Remarks
Most likely more than 2 workstations Certainly military p. 20: "die linkage patterns show that the issues within each group must all have been struck more or less simultaneously"
References
- ^ Troxell, Hyla A. (1997), Studies in the Macedonian Coinage of Alexander the Great, Numismatic Studies 21, New York, 161 p., 31 pl.
- ^ Price, Martin Jessop (1991), The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus: a British Museum Catalogue, 2 vol., Zürich-London, 637 p., 637 p., clix pl.