Leontini (Campanian mercenaries), bronze (Zeus/thunderbolt), tetrantes (344-338 BCE)
From SILVER
344 BCE - 338 BCE Bronze
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Head of bearded Zeus Eleutherios r. |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | ΛΕΟΝΤΙ-ΝΩΝ (Greek).Winged thunderbolt, eagle in r. field |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Leontini | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Sicily | Modern countryModern country: Italy | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: | Campanian mercenaries |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 344 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 338 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Classical ^{480-323 BC} |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Bronze | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 14.70 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | tetras | StandardStandard.: |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Castrizio 20001 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: |
Obverse dies distribution
FrequencyFrequency of specimen in distribution. ^{ᵖ} | Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | % (o) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | % (n) | Die nameName(s) of the die(s). |
2 | 1 | 100 | 2 | 100 | 1 |
Total | 1 of 1 | 100 | 2 of 2 | 100 |
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 1 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 1 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 2 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 2 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 2 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 1 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 1.62 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 32,400 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | 2 | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00006 |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | % | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 2,469.14 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | n.a. | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 6,172.84 |
Remarks
References
- ^ Castrizio, Daniele (2000), La monetazione mercenariale in Sicilia. Strategie economiche e territoriali tra Dionisio I e Timoleonte, Catanzaro, Soveria Mannelli, 126 p. and 18 pl.